Port Wings News Network:
As a result of measures taken by Russian Railways to develop and improve the railway network, the infrastructure’s carrying capacity to Far East seaports increased 8 million t in 2019 up to 132 million t per year and, to ports of the Azov-Black Sea basin, 9 million t up to 93 million t per year. This was announced by First Deputy Managing Director of Russian Railways Anatoliy Krasnoshchek speaking at the company’s annual board meeting.
According to Mr. Krasnoshchek, this allowed Russian Railways to ensure the growth of coal transportation for export at the request of key coal enterprises (including Kuzbass) to Russian ports.
In addition to increasing volume, Russian Railways improved its main budget indicators in 2019: local speed, average train weight, and locomotive performance, and it accelerated the transit cargo in Russia. The average speed of container transit traffic reached 1086 km per day.
“The positive dynamics of quality indicators must be maintained, but, at the same time, there should be balance in the development of freight and passenger transportation,” said Anatoliy Krasnoshchek.
According to Mr. Krasnoshchek, the task of exporting these volumes of goods is largely thanks to an increase in the efficiency of technology and optimizing end-to-end processes.
The weight of trains has continued growing. There were 155,000 trains weighing over 6,000 t in 2019, which is 3.7% more than last year. This made it possible to carry an additional 30 million t of cargo on the same infrastructure.
The technology of driving trains weighing 7100 and 7500 t has been systematically tested at the Eastern Polygon. About 1,000 such trains were tested, which is 1.7 times more than last year. To continue this work next year, it is planned to purchase another 40 powerful three-section diesel locomotives and 135 electric locomotives with axial traction regulation.
“Manufacturers have been given the task of developing new generations of locomotives to ensure the transportation of trains weighing 8,000-9,000 westward,” said Mr. Krasnoshchek.
To increase train traffic in areas with insufficient capacity, Russian Railways is using innovative technologies to reduce intervals between trains. On November 1, the pilot “virtual coupler” technology was launched on the Khabarovsk-Smolyaninovo section of the Far Eastern Railway. It ensures the synchronous movement of two different trains traveling as close to each other as possible. The coordination of locomotive driving modes takes place via a secure digital radio channel.
In 2019, the completion of the automatic blocking of the Morozovskaya-Volgodonskaya section was completed, increasing the carrying capacity at the exit to the ports of the Azov-Black Sea basin by 10 million t per year.
Another step to increase throughput will be interval regulation technology based on self-locking with mobile block sections. It was used in passenger traffic on the Moscow Central Circle, where the interval between Lastochka trains is 4 min. Since December 25, it has been used in freight traffic on the Yablonovaya-Lesnaya section of the Trans-Baikal Railway, which will make it possible to reduce the interval between trains from 10 to 6 min.
According to Mr. Krasnoshchek, next year this technology will be used on the busiest section of the Trans-Siberian Railway, Slyudyanka-1-Slyudyanka-2, and then it can be gradually extended to the entire railway network.
“Our company has set ahead ambitious tasks, so we should use only the best achievements of our national industry and utilize the most advanced technologies,” the top manager emphasized.